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The first sign of trouble aboard Estonia was when a metallic bang was heard, caused by a heavy wave hitting the bow doors around The windows gave way to the powerful waves as the ship listed and the sea reached the upper decks.
Survivors have reported that water flowed down from ceiling panels, stairwells and along corridors from decks that were not yet under water.
This contributed to the rapid sinking. Estonia directed a call to Silja Europa and only after making contact with her did the radio operator utter the word "Mayday".
The ship disappeared from the radar screens of other ships at around According to survivor accounts the ship sank stern first after taking a list of 90 degrees.
This scheme had worked for the relatively small number of accidents involving sinkings, particularly as most ships have few people on board.
Mariella , the first of five ferries to reach the scene of the accident, arrived at A full-scale emergency was only declared at Isabella saved 16 survivors with her rescue slide.
Of the on board, were rescued alive, one of whom died later in hospital. The accident claimed lives Swedes , Estonians , 17 Latvians , 10 Finns and 44 people of other nationalities: One prominent victim of the sinking was the Estonian singer Urmas Alender.
Seven over 55 years of age survived; there were no survivors under age About people were still inside the ship when it sank, and believed to remain there.
The casualties "had an immense impact on the world concept of ferry safety" and led to changes in safety regulations as well as in liferaft design,  much as the Titanic disaster did in The bridge was also situated too far back on the ferry for the visor to be seen from there.
Recommendations for modifications to be applied to similar ships included separation of the condition sensors from the latch and hinge mechanisms.
In , special training requirements in crowd and crisis management and human behaviour were extended to crew on all passenger ships, and amendments were made to watch-keeping standards.
Had they been activated automatically, it would have been immediately obvious that the ship had sunk and the location would have been clear.
New designs, the "citadel concept" once again influenced by Estonia , aim to ensure damaged ships have sufficient buoyancy to remain afloat, though cost will determine if any are built.
Alternative theories exist about the cause of the sinking. In the autumn of , a former Swedish customs officer claimed on Sveriges Television that Estonia had been used to transport military equipment in September According to the Swedish Ministry of Defence , no such equipment was on board at the day of the disaster, and previous investigations by the Swedish Customs Service found no reports of any anomalous activity around the day of the disaster.
In the aftermath of the disaster, many relatives of the deceased demanded that their loved ones be raised from international waters and given a land burial.
Demands were also made that the entire ship be raised so that the cause of the disaster could be discovered by detailed inspection.
At least twice, the Swedish Navy has discovered diving operations at the wreck. The wreck is monitored by radar by the Finnish Navy.
The sinking of the Estonia has been the subject of a number of documentaries in addition to the feature film Baltic Storm , including:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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International Journal of Legal Medicine. Retrieved 29 October Retrieved 28 September Archived from the original on 30 September Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 24 June Archived from the original PDF on 28 February Retrieved 30 September Archived from the original on 3 April Retrieved 3 April Retrieved 21 October Retrieved 30 November The ship has deadweight of 6, DWT and gross tonnage of 57, GRT, which gives maximum passenger capacity for 2, people.
The vessel has rooms, restaurants, bars, spa and shopping centers. The ferry is also the first ship that has been fitted with a rotor sail , which allows for hybrid usage of LNG and wind power.
The rotor cylinder has a height of During operation, the cylinder rotates and receives power from the airflow. Such propulsion was developed and patented by the German engineer Anton Flettner in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Viking Line Port of registry: Turku — Mariehamn — Stockholm Ordered: Viking Line, 10 August Archived from the original PDF on