Colossus ist ein Science-Fiction-Film aus dem Jahre , der auf der veröffentlichten gleichnamigen Erzählung von Dennis Feltham Jones beruht. Colossus Definition: If you describe someone or something as a colossus, you think that they are extremely | Bedeutung, Aussprache, Übersetzungen und. Colossus (Plural: Colossi) war ein früher Röhrencomputer, der in England während des Zweiten Weltkriegs speziell zur Dechiffrierung von geheimen.
They would then start the bedstead tape motor and lamp and, when the tape was up to speed, operate the master start switch. My view of Colossus was that of cryptanalyst-programmer.
I told the machine to make certain calculations and counts, and after studying the results, told it to do another job. It did not remember the previous result, nor could it have acted upon it if it did.
Colossus and I alternated in an interaction that sometimes achieved an analysis of an unusual German cipher system, called "Geheimschreiber" by the Germans, and "Fish" by the cryptanalysts.
Colossus was not a stored-program computer. The input data for the five parallel processors was read from the looped message paper tape and the electronic pattern generators for the chi , psi and motor wheels.
Each processor could evaluate a Boolean function and count and display the number of times it yielded the specified value of "false" 0 or "true" 1 for each pass of the message tape.
Input to the processors came from two sources, the shift registers from tape reading and the thyratron rings that emulated the wheels of the Tunny machine.
These signals from the wheel simulators could be specified as stepping on with each new pass of the message tape or not. The K2 switch panel had a group of switches on the left hand side to specify the algorithm.
The switches on the right hand side selected the counter to which the result was fed. The plugboard allowed less specialized conditions to be imposed.
Overall the K2 switch panel switches and the plugboard allowed about five billion different combinations of the selected variables.
Such a two-wheel run was called a long run, taking on average eight minutes unless the parallelism was utilised to cut the time by a factor of five.
The subsequent runs might only involve setting one chi wheel, giving a short run taking about two minutes. Initially, after the initial long run, the choice of next algorithm to be tried was specified by the cryptanalyst.
Experience showed, however, that decision trees for this iterative process could be produced for use by the Wren operators in a proportion of cases.
Although the Colossus was the first of the electronic digital machines with programmability, albeit limited by modern standards,  it was not a general-purpose machine, being designed for a range of cryptanalytic tasks, most involving counting the results of evaluating Boolean algorithms.
A Colossus computer was thus not a fully Turing complete machine. However, University of San Francisco professor Benjamin Wells has shown that if all ten Colossus machines made were rearranged in a specific cluster , then the entire set of computers could have simulated a universal Turing machine , and thus be Turing complete.
Colossus and the reasons for its construction were highly secret, and remained so for 30 years after the War. Consequently, it was not included in the history of computing hardware for many years, and Flowers and his associates were deprived of the recognition they were due.
Colossi 1 to 10 were dismantled after the war and parts returned to the Post Office. He later said of that order:. That was a terrible mistake.
I was instructed to destroy all the records, which I did. I took all the drawings and the plans and all the information about Colossus on paper and put it in the boiler fire.
And saw it burn. A small number of people who were associated with Colossus—and knew that large-scale, reliable, high-speed electronic digital computing devices were feasible—played significant roles in early computer work in the UK and probably in the US.
However, being so secret, it had little direct influence on the development of later computers; it was EDVAC that was the seminal computer architecture of the time.
Britain had such vitality that it could immediately after the war embark on so many well-conceived and well-executed projects in the computer field.
Professor Brian Randell , who unearthed information about Colossus in the s, commented on this, saying that:. It is my opinion that the COLOSSUS project was an important source of this vitality, one that has been largely unappreciated, as has the significance of its places in the chronology of the invention of the digital computer.
It is regretted that it is not possible to give an adequate idea of the fascination of a Colossus at work; its sheer bulk and apparent complexity; the fantastic speed of thin paper tape round the glittering pulleys; the childish pleasure of not-not, span, print main header and other gadgets; the wizardry of purely mechanical decoding letter by letter one novice thought she was being hoaxed ; the uncanny action of the typewriter in printing the correct scores without and beyond human aid; the stepping of the display; periods of eager expectation culminating in the sudden appearance of the longed-for score; and the strange rhythms characterizing every type of run: Construction of a fully functional rebuild   of a Colossus Mark 2 was undertaken between and by a team led by Tony Sale.
The optical tape reader might have posed the biggest problem, but Dr. Arnold Lynch , its original designer, was able to redesign it to his own original specification.
The reconstruction is on display, in the historically correct place for Colossus No. In November , to celebrate the project completion and to mark the start of a fundraising initiative for The National Museum of Computing, a Cipher Challenge  pitted the rebuilt Colossus against radio amateurs worldwide in being first to receive and decode three messages enciphered using the Lorenz SZ42 and transmitted from radio station DL0HNF in the Heinz Nixdorf MuseumsForum computer museum.
The German codebreaker said: If you scale the CPU frequency by that factor, you get an equivalent clock of 5.
That is a remarkable speed for a computer built in The Cipher Challenge verified the successful completion of the rebuild project. There was a fictional computer named Colossus in the movie Colossus: The Forbin Project which was based on the novel Colossus by D.
This was sheer coincidence as it pre-dates the public release of information about Colossus, or even its name. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Not to be confused with the fictional computer of the same name in the movie Colossus: Use the links above: For more emulators, check out our extensive emulators section.
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MrRobodyNobot rates this game: Snarkylicious rates this game: Added by RedFlameFox Report. Uploaded by The Wha!? Colossus must transform his entire body into this armored state; he cannot transform only a portion of his body.
His physical strength is currently greater than when he first joined the X-Men due to the realignment of his cells by Magneto following an injury during the Mutant Massacre.
While in his armored form, Colossus requires no food, water, or even oxygen to sustain himself, and is extremely resistant to injury.
He is capable of withstanding great impacts, large caliber bullets, falling from tremendous heights, electricity, and certain magical attacks.
As he is vulnerable to the anti-metal vibranium in his metal form, his body instinctively shifts to human form when faced with a vibranium weapon.
Colossus is an excellent hand-to-hand combatant, having been trained in Judo by Cyclops. In his human form, he is still exceptionally strong and in superb physical condition, though not superhumanly so.
As the unstoppable Avatar of Cyttorak , Colossus gained additional superhuman strength and resistance to injury, as well as other mystical powers.
Among these is the power to ignore impediments to his movement, hence the "unstoppable" moniker. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Colossus Textless variant cover of Avengers vs.
Consequences 3 October Art by Adi Granov. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. Alternative versions of Colossus.
Archived from the original on June 3, Retrieved March 22, Retrieved July 28, Archived from the original on Retrieved 14 September Behind The Voice Actors.
Archived from the original on February 22, Retrieved February 22, Greg LaSalle is the Face of Colossus". Retrieved May 30, — via Twitter.
He was very nice about it. Check date values in: Archived from the original on July 23, Retrieved March 25, Characters and Cast Revealed".
The Ultimate Guide to Gaming Records. Guinness World Records Limited. Stan Lee Jack Kirby. Blackbird Cerebro Danger Room. Alpha Flight Crimson Dawn Inhumans vs.
Grigori Rasputin in popular culture. World Heroes series Shadow Hearts: Covenant Shin Megami Tensei: Retrieved from " https: Capcom fighters Revived fictional characters Superhero film characters.
Textless variant cover of Avengers vs. Giant-Size X-Men 1 May Len Wein Dave Cockrum. Rasputin, Peter Nicholas, Juggernaut .This led to a battle against the Russians and Omega Red, collosus was being examined by their captors. The Statue of Liberty is a modern colossus, enormous and stately, at the entrance to New York Harbor. As he is vulnerable to the anti-metal vibranium in his metal form, his body instinctively shifts to human form when faced with a vibranium weapon. Electric typewriter output Programmed using switches and plug panels. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Cryptanalysis of the Lorenz cipher. In bundesliga fussball ergebnisse projects Wikimedia Commons. When the besten casino online decided to sacrifice themselves to free slot casino the Adversary, Colossus gave ninja spielen life alongside them to save the world. However, unbeknownst to the X-Men, Mikhail survived. His body was cremated, and Shadowcat took his ashes back to Russia to be scattered on his native soil. Retrieved 14 September
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Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way. Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time.
Facebook Twitter YouTube Instagram. Example Sentences Learn More about colossus. Examples of colossus in a Sentence The building is a colossus of steel and glass.
Leonardo da Vinci remains a colossus in the history of art. Recent Examples on the Web Ru started out in the late s as a simple email service but has grown to be a colossus of the Russian internet.
Repairing your brain with video games This week my guest is Sam Harris: Thinking in public and brawling with Batman," 16 Oct. First Known Use of colossus before the 12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1.
History and Etymology for colossus Latin, from Greek kolossos. Learn More about colossus. Resources for colossus Time Traveler!
Explore the year a word first appeared. From the Editors at Merriam-Webster. Dictionary Entries near colossus Colossians colosso Colossochelys colossus colostomy colostrum Colotlan.
After the X-Men began falling apart with Rogue vanishing, Wolverine taking off, Longshot quitting, and Storm apparently killed, Psylocke telepathically prodded the remaining three to disband and travel through the Siege Perilous to gain new lives.
He battled the Genoshan Magistrates. The two were kidnapped by the Morlocks, though Peter had no memory of his time with the X-Men.
He is astonished to learn that the child she bore was not his, but that of another lover. Disheartened, he departs the Savage Land. Mikhail established himself as leader of the Morlocks and planned to use them as a part of his mass suicide which he thought would grant him retribution or at least reprieve from his guilt.
However, unbeknownst to the X-Men, Mikhail survived. In a seemingly last second change of mind, Mikhail transported himself and the Morlocks to another world.
Colossus, with the help of the X-Men, saved Illyana and brought her back to the Mansion. Later, Illyana became an early victim of the Legacy Virus and died from it.
His stay with Magneto was not long once he realized that Avalon was not the place for him, either, particularly after Magneto was left brain-dead and the space station was destroyed by Holocaust.
Colossus traveled to England, where he found Kitty in the arms of her new love, Pete Wisdom. Colossus, exhausted, mentally ill, and enraged, attacked Wisdom and, although the battle was short, Piotr nearly killed him.
But as soon as they returned, they faced a group of imposters following Cerebro, in the guise of Professor X. Unfortunately, it could only be made airborne with the death of its first user.
Rather than wait for a safer version and allow others to die as Illyana had, Colossus injected himself with the cure.
By using his powers and sacrificing himself, Colossus enabled the release of an airborne cure, effectively eradicating the disease.
His body was cremated, and Shadowcat took his ashes back to Russia to be scattered on his native soil. Nearly two years later, it was brought to the attention of the X-Men that a medical company, entitled Benetech, had developed a mutant cure.
After gaining a sample of the cure, Dr. During their infiltration, they discovered that Ord , an alien from the Breakworld, was responsible for the means with which the company was able to develop the cure.
While the team was separated, Kitty descended into a hidden complex beneath the Benetech building and was able to unlock the true secret behind the cure: After unknowingly releasing Peter from his cell, Kitty rejoined him with the X-Men.
Together they subdued Ord as he tried to escape Earth. Since reuniting with his friends, Peter has returned to fight with the X-Men, and he and Kitty were able to resume their romantic relationship.
Bloodline limited series, Colossus made a trip to Russia in response to a call for help from his cousin, journalist Larisa Mishchenko.
Her research had established that their family descended from Grigori Rasputin , and that their relatives were being systematically murdered.
Rasputin is established as having been a powerful mutant, whose power and life essence had been passed down to his descendants. As his descendants are murdered, his great power is invested in greater measure in the remaining descendants.
When there is only one descendant left, Rasputin will be reborn within that individual. Mister Sinister , an old ally of Rasputin, is revealed as the man behind the murders.
If Sinister were to murder Colossus, Rasputin would be reborn in Mikhail, but locked in a dimension on his own. Colossus returned to the X-Men, a man without family.
It is rumoured that the boy Michael Termani escaped the extermination and made his way to the United States of America in search of Colossus, whom he may be related to.
During an attack on the institute, Colossus engages Sebastian Shaw , although "Shaw" turned out to be an illusory attack by Cassandra Nova.
Realizing this, Colossus refuses to kill the planet although he does threaten to seize power and rule it if the Breakworld destroys the Earth as planned.
During the " World War Hulk " storyline, Colossus is one of the X-Men members that tries to defend Professor X against the Hulk , who has come looking for Charles as he is one of the members of the secret Illuminati that exiled him from Earth.
Colossus returns to Russia with Wolverine and Nightcrawler along for the ride. The trio are captured by the Russian government, who wish to find out why all their mutant agents succumbed to M-Day, and Colossus did not.
This led to a battle against the Russians and Omega Red, who was being examined by their captors. After defeating Omega Red, the heroes receive a call from Cyclops informing them of their new home in San Francisco.
They soon arrive back in the States, where they aid in rebuilding the X-Men. In the end he tells them to leave him be, he just needs time. Later while walking through Golden Gate Park, he come across a little girl who needs help rescuing her Kitty from a tree to which he replies that nothing would make him happier.
Colossus feels the X-Men are not doing enough to rescue Illyana from Limbo, and is upset. After the Juggernaut became Kuurth: Breaker of Stone, one of the Heralds of a long-dormant god of fear known as the Serpent , Colossus made a bargain with Cyttorak , the other-dimensional being who originally empowered the Juggernaut, to gain the power to stand against Kuurth.
Colossus became the new avatar of the Juggernaut and was able to push Cain Marko back until Cain was summoned by The Serpent.
This decision caused Kitty to break up with Colossus, as she cannot cope with his increasingly displayed willingness to sacrifice himself when she wants someone who will be willing to live for her.
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